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Hitachi America, Ltd.


Hitachi America, Ltd., Research & Development

Wireless Systems Research Laboratory (WSRL)
2845 Lafayette Street, MS3201
Santa Clara, CA 95050
Phone 408.970.7138
Fax 408.327.3474

The wireless systems research laboratory (WSRL), formed in 2005, is the North American unit of the global telecommunications research and development activities in Hitachi Ltd. WSRL contributes to Hitachi’s patent portfolio by developing original technologies, validates them through hardware prototyping and extensive system-level simulations and closely collaborates with the product and business units for developing PoCs. The current focus of WSRL is end to end network optimization and analytics involving joint access and core network policies. WSRL is also involved in 4G LTE-Advanced standardization and participates in 3GPP standardization discussions and meetings. WSRL members regularly publish in leading academic journals and conferences. A sample of various current projects in WSRL is,

  1. Joint RAN quality and core network (CN) congestion aware video transmission for cellular networks.
  2. End to end analytics of user QoE for enterprise WiFi environment.
  3. Efficient operations of LTE small cells and three dimensional MIMO
  4. End to end traffic and mobility management in a LTE network

Previously WSRL had participated in IEEE 802.11 standardization activities and played an active role in the formation of IEEE standard 802.11aa. WSRL had also worked on enabling reliable video transfer over wireless systems and organized a demonstration at global Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in 2008 under the umbrella of Hitachi, Ltd. The lab has a small and dedicated team of researchers co-located with Hitachi Data Systems, Corp. in Santa Clara, California and works closely with researchers in Hitachi's central research lab in Tokyo, Japan and research lab in Beijing, China. WSRL also promotes ties with leading academic institutions for research collaboration.

Research Topics

Efficient Operation of Dense Small Cell Networks

Overlaying small cells onto the legacy macro cell network is a well-established method of boosting cellular coverage as well as capacity. For LTE Release-12 and beyond, the focus is on deploying and optimizing very dense small cell networks, where issues such as interference coordination and frequent handover become critical. WSRL is actively involved in several aspects of efficient small cell operation at both PHY and higher layers, such as interference mitigation via small cell ON/OFF switching, robust over-the-air synchronization, coordinated resource allocation over non-ideal backhaul links, dynamic optimization of uplink/downlink TDD configurations, and seamless mobility by exploiting dual connectivity and RRC diversity. Upcoming areas of study will focus on how real-time small cell traffic conditions can be efficiently monitored and optimized by the core network, using enhanced self-organizing network mechanisms for fault diagnosis and avoidance.

Full Dimension MIMO

Full-dimensional multiple input multiple output (FD-MIMO) is a practical implementation of massive MIMO in cellular systems. FD-MIMO relies on an active two-dimensional antenna grid at the base stations and harvests the benefits of both azimuth and elevation beamforming. To make the best out of the use of elevation beamforming and FD-MIMO, new three-dimensional channel models are currently being discussed in 3GPP Rel. 12. WSRL is actively involved in the standardization activities of FD-MIMO taking into account the three-dimensional placement of users and base stations. WSRLs’ research further covers several aspects of FD-MIMO concepts and applications. Areas of research range from analyzing the gains from vertical sectorization and multi-user vertical beamforming, to efficient multi-user precoding and FD-MIMO codebook design. WSRL’s research on FD-MIMO focuses in general on enhancing the performance of cellular networks, bringing together massive MIMO and small cell networks.

Inter-eNodeB Coordination

Base Station coordination technology also known as coordinated multipoint transmission reception (CoMP) can dramatically enhance the performance of cellular systems by coordinating the transmissions across several base stations and thus mitigating the interference. There are multiple ways to coordinate the base stations such as coordinated scheduling and beamforming and joint processing of UE data from multiple base stations. WSRL has worked extensively on 3GPP Release 10 and 11 topics such as precoders design, user selection, scheduling and resource allocation for the base station and feedback and receiver design at the UE side. With advent of Release 12, the area of work has been extended to proposing effective CoMP technologies when the base stations are connected via non-ideal backhaul.

Inter-Cell Interference Coordination

Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) is an important feature introduced in LTE Release 8, which allows two neighboring cells to coordinate their transmissions and interference in frequency domain via X2 backhaul interface. ICIC techniques were further enhanced in LTE-Advanced Releases 10 and 11 allowing for subframe-level interference coordination in time domain. WSRL has done extensive work in this area including topics such as Almost Blank Subframe (ABS), Reduced Power ABS, Cell Range Expansion (CRE), Common Reference Signal Interference Cancellation (CRS-IC), and weak cell detection. Since Release 12, our focus has been on efficient interference coordination mechanisms for dense small cell deployment scenarios.

Related Links

Researcher Profiles

List of Publications (Since 2012)

  • J. Acharya, L. Gao, and S. Gaur, Heterogeneous Networks in LTE-Advanced, Wiley, April 2014.
  • S. Akoum, J. Acharya, “Full-Dimensional MIMO for Future Cellular Networks,” Proc. Of IEEE Radio Wireless Week, Newport Beach, CA, Jan. 2014.
  • A. Mukherjee, "Queue-aware Dynamic On/Off Switching of Small Cells in Dense Heterogeneous Networks, " Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2013 Workshop - Emerging Technologies for LTE-Advanced and Beyond-4G, Atlanta, GA, Dec. 2013.
  • J. Acharya, L. Gao, and S. Gaur, “Heterogeneous Networks – Theory and Standardization in LTE”, Tutorial presentation at IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, Shanghai, China, April 2013.
  • L. Gao, J. Acharya, and S. Gaur, “Multiuser MIMO Transmission in Distributed Antenna Systems with Heterogeneous User Traffic”, Proc. of IEEE VTC, Yokohama, Japan, May 2012.
  • J. Acharya, L. Gao, and S. Gaur, “Heterogeneous Networks – Theory and Standardization in LTE”, Tutorial presentation at IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Yokohama, Japan, May 2012.